Malaysian urban rural national indicators on sustainable development (MURInets)

The purpose of this article is to promote a set of criteria, indicators and indices for sustainability assessment in major cities of Malaysia. Malaysia Urban Indicators Network (MURNInet) is a programme developed by the Federal Department of Town and Country Planning, Peninsular Malaysia (FDTCP) to assess the performance and levels of sustainability of Malaysian cities. Implemented in 2002, the MURNInet programme was a foundation for Malaysia to measure city development. MURNInet pilot projects were launched in six Malaysian cities namely Georgetown, Johor Bahru, Kuantan, Kuching, Pasir Mas and Batu Pahat. After almost 10 years of implementation, in the year 2011, MURNInet was reviewed and 6 dimensions, 21 themes and 36 indicators are introduced MURNInet is also rebranded as The Malaysian Urban Rural National Indicators Network on Sustainable Development (MURNInets). In search of an adequate set of indicators to develop an index, some existing indicators and indices have been reviewed. This article focuses on the implementation of a new set of indicators to assess urban sustainability in Malaysia. The structural change in population and its distribution or concentration has allows for agglomeration economies that provides greater opportunities for information and knowledge sharing, cultural exchanges and more effective provision of services, particularly health and education. All of these elements are essential for social development, advancement of civil society, well-being, cultural consolidation, change and cosmopolitanism. Function of cities as centres of political power and administration are strengthened. The closer proximity to the seat of power, their higher concentration and better articulation of their demands through civil organisations have meant that urban citizens have greater opportunities to influence policy-making and setting developmental agendas at both local and national levels. The assessments of the sustainability of cities are always relevant and to the selection and application of asset of sustainable development indicators to ensure that city development are directed towards attaining sustainable development.